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探讨|行政执法中责令改正的法理特质与行为结构研究

发布时间: 2019-04-22 15:17:45 信息来源:快三_快三彩票|信誉平台

提   要: 行政执法中的责令改正行为是行政执法者具体化行政违法者所应承担的第一性法律义务的意思表示。这一法理特质决定了责令改正与其他型式化行政行为的本质区别。

快三彩票yijuzelinggaizhengdeyisibiaoshineirong,keyiqufenweizelingtingzhiweifaxingweiyuzelinghuifuyuanzhuanglianggejieduan,meigejieduangenjuqisuozhenduidexingzhengweifaxingweibutongyoukejinyibuqufenweiduozhongleixing。

jiyuzelinggaizhengdezheizhongfalitezhijinxingpanduan,zelingtingchantingyezaibutongqingxingxiajiyoukenengshuyuxingzhengchufa,yekenengshuyuzelinggaizheng。zelingpeichangjiyoukenengshuyuzelinggaizheng,yekenengshuyuxingzhengcaijue。wulunshizelingchaichuyijianhuozaijiandeweifajianzhusheshi,douyingshuyuzelinggaizheng。

guanjianci: zelinggaizheng;zelingtingzhiweifa;zelinghuifuyuanzhuang;zelingtingchantingye;zelingpeichang;zelingchaichujianzhu;diyixingfalvyiwu

yi、wentidetichu

快三彩票zelinggaizhengshixingzhengzhifaguochengzhongzuichangjiandezhifafangshizhiyi。ranerxuejieqijinmeiyouxingchengduizelinggaizhenglilunjichudegongshi,shenzhiduiyuzelinggaizhengxingweishifoushuyu“xingshihua”dexingzhengxingwei[1]yerengrancunzaizhezhengyi。zheizhonglilunyanjiudexianzhuangdaozhilewoguofalvfaguizhongduiyuzelinggaizhengdechengwenfaguidingshifenhunluan[2],lifacihuizaibutongfalvwenjianzhongwangwangcibudayi、renyixuanyong,changchuxianyongbutongcihuibiaodatongyizhongxingzhengxingwei,huozheyongtongyicihuibiaodabutongzhongxingzhengxingweidehunluanjumian。zheizhonglifaxianzhuangfanguolaiyoudaozhixuezhemenduizelinggaizhengxingweidelijiewenluan,xiangguanlilunyanjiuwangwangxianruchengwenfafanzadelifacihuizhongbunengziba,xianrulilunqueshiyulifahunluanliangzhehuweiyinguodeexingxunhuan。

快三彩票shujiezheiyiwentideqiantizaiyuliqingzelinggaizhengxingweizaifalishangdebenzhitezheng,zheiyangcainengyijuqifalitezhizhidaolifashijian,tuposhangshuexingxunhuandehunluanjumian。benwenyixiajiangshouxianfenxizelinggaizhengxingweidefalitezhi,zaiciguochengzhongjiangbazelinggaizhengxingweiyuxingzhengchufaxingweijixingzhengqiangzhixingweijinxingfalitezhishangdeduibi,congertuxianzelinggaizhengxingweibenshendedutexing。qiciduizelinggaizhengyisibiaoshideneibuxingweijiegoujinxingpouxi,tansuozelinggaizhengkenengbaohandexiashuxingweigainian。zuihoujiangyijuzheixiefenxijieluntantaojileichangjianteshuzelingxingweidefalvxingzhi,liqingyinxiangguanfalvguifanlifacihuihunluansuodaozhidefalvxingzhipanduandehunluan,yizhanxianbenxiangyanjiuduixingzhengzhifashijiandezhidaoyiyi。

er、zelinggaizhengdefalitezhi

快三彩票muqianxuejieduiyuzelinggaizhengxingweidefalvxingzhirenshibingbutongyi,guinaeryanbaokuolexingzhengchufashuo[3]、xingzhengminglingshuo[4]、dulixingweishuo[5]、hunhexingweishuo[6]dengzhonglei。benwenzaizheixieqianqiyanjiudejichushang,renweiyingdangxiantansuozelinggaizhengxingweizaifalishangdebenzhitezheng,zaicongqifalitezhichufahuadingyuqitayixingshihuaxingzhengxingweizhijiandejiexian,jinercainengshenhuaduizelingxingweiderenzhi。

快三彩票benwenjiangzelinggaizhengxingweideyibanfalitezhiguinawei: zelinggaizhengshixingzhengzhifazhejutihuaxingzhengweifazhesuoyingchengdandediyixingxingzhengfalvyiwudeyizhongyisibiaoshi。jutikeyicongyixialianggefangmianlunshu——

快三彩票diyi,zelinggaizhengdexingweineirongshixingzhengzhifazheyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhelvxingfalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu。

jiufalieryan,diyixingfalvyiwu[7]shiyouchengwenfalvguifanzhijieshedingdeshehuizhutidefeiziyouzhuangtai,zheizhongfeiziyouzhuangtaishirenleishehuizhixudeyixingchengyuweixidegenbentiaojian,ershehuizhixuzeshirenleideyicunzaiyuyanxudeqianti。xiandaizhuquanguojiayibandoushitongguochengwenlifadefangshishedingshehuizhutidediyixingfalvyiwu,congerjiangouweixishehuicunxudelixiangfazhixu。youci,xingzhengweifazhesuoshishidexingzhengweifaxingwei,qifalishizhishizhixingzhengweifazhemeiyoulvxingfalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu,jinerpohuaileyoudiyixingfalvyiwusuozhizaigoujiandelixiangfazhixudexingwei。xingzhengweifaxingweisuodaozhidelixiangfazhixudepohuaisuijihuiyinfaliangzhongweixishehuizhixudexuqiu: huifuxuqiuyuweishexuqiu。huifuxuqiushizhihuifudaolixiangfazhixusuoyaoqiudeyuanbenzhixuzhuangtaizhong,xiububeixingzhengweifaxingweisuotupodezhixubianjie。erweishexuqiuzeshizhiduipohuailixiangfazhixudexingzhengweifazheshishichengfa,weishexingzhengweifazhehuoqitaqianzaidexingzhengweifazhebugan、buyuanhuobunengzaishishixingzhengweifaxingwei。

zaixingzhengzhifalingyuzhong,manzuqianzhongxuqiudezhifaxingweizhuyaoshizelinggaizheng,manzuhouzhongxuqiudezhifaxingweizhuyaoshixingzhengchufa。yejizelinggaizhengdefalitezhishitongguoyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhelvxingfalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu,laihuifulixiangfazhixusuoyaoqiudeshehuizhutidefeiziyouzhuangtai,qizhidumianxiangshichaohoude,yongyimanzulixiangfazhixubeipohuaihousuochanshengdehuifuxuqiu。erxingzhengchufadefalitezhizeshiyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhechengdandierxingfalvyiwu(falvzeren),tongguochengfashiqichanshengqiefuzhitong,congershixianfalvguifandeweishegongneng,fangzhiqizaiciweifanfalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu,bingqieduiqitaqianzaidexingzhengweifazhechanshengjinggaoxiaoying,xiangqizhanshidaiyulvxingdiyixingfalvyiwusuochanshengdezhenshibulihouguo,shuachuguojiaqiangzhilidecunzaigan,qizhidumianxiangshichaoqiande,yongyimanzulixiangfazhixubeipohuaihousuochanshengdeweishexuqiu。

kejian,zelinggaizhengxingweisuozhenduideshixingzhengweifazhedediyixingfalvyiwu,qineirongzaiyuyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhelvxingdiyixingfalvyiwu,xingzhengchufaxingweisuozhenduideshixingzhengweifazhededierxingfalvyiwu(falvzeren),qineirongzaiyuyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhelvxingdierxingfalvyiwu。zheishizelinggaizhengyuxingzhengchufaliangzhongxingzhengzhifaxingweizhijianzaifalitezhishangdehexinqubie。

dier,zelinggaizhengdebiaoxianxingshishixingzhengzhifazheduishehuizhutidiyixingfalvyiwujinxingjutihuadeyisibiaoshi。

快三彩票zhuquanguojiatongguofalvguifansuoshedingdeshichouxianghuadefalvyiwu,zheizhongchouxianghuadefalvyiwubingfeizhenduimougetedinggeti,ershizhenduibutedingshehuizhutishedingdenengfanfushiyongdefalvyiwu。chouxianghuadefalvyiwuduiyushoufazheeryanjinshixingweidezhiyin,shoufazhehuizijuejiangqizhuanhuaweizishenxingweideguize。danshimianduixingzhengweifazhe,chouxianghuadefalvyiwuhuimianlintufabuzuyizixingdekunjing,lunwei“zhimianshangdeguize”[8]。dangxingzhengweifazhebulvxingfalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu——yejishishilexingzhengweifaxingwei——shi,xuyaoyizhongliliangnenggoujiangzhimianshangdechouxiangfalvyiwuzhuanhuaweizhenduitedingxingzhengweifazhedejutiyaoqiu,congercainengchanshengshijidefalvguifanxiaoli,huifulixiangdefazhixuzhuangtai。

zelinggaizhengjiushixingzhengzhifazheshishidezheiyangyizhongjutixingzhengxingwei,tatongguojutihuafalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu,shichouxiangyiyishangshehuizhutidefeiziyouzhuangtaizhuanhuaweijutixingtaishangshehuizhutidefeiziyouzhuangtai,congershizhimianshangdechengwenfaxiangyoujin·ailixi(eugen ehrlich)suoweide“huofa”(living law)zhuanbianjuyoulekenengxing。

buguo,jishizaixingzhengzhifazhetongguozelinggaizhengxingweijutihuaxingzhengweifazhedediyixingfalvyiwuzhihou,yebingbudaibiao“huofa”yijingshixian。yinweizelinggaizhengxingweibenzhishangshiyizhong“yisixingzhengxingwei”[9],jizhiyaoxingzhengzhifazhezuochuzelingxingzhengweifazhehuifulixiangfazhixudeyisibiaoshi(ruxiangxingzhengweifazhechuju《weifaxingweizelinggaizhengtongzhishu》),neimegaixingzhengzhifaxingweijiuyijingchanshengfalvxiaoli,qiyisibiaoshisuoquedingdeyiwujiushixingzhengweifazheyijufalvguifanguidingbenyinglvxingdediyixingfalvyiwu。

jiufalieryan,yidanxingzhengzhifazhezuochuzelinggaizhengdeyisibiaoshibingchanshengfalvxiaolihou,xingzhengweifazheyingdangzhudonglvxinggaiyisibiaoshisuoyaoqiudeneirong,yejixingzhengweifazheyingdangzhudonglvxingqiyuanbenjiuyinglvxingdediyixingfalvyiwu,congerhuifulixiangfazhixuzhuangtai。raner,xingzhengzhifazhezuochuzelinggaizhengdeyisibiaoshihou,xingzhengweifazhewanquanyoukenengjujuezhudonglvxingqizhongsuoyaoqiudediyixingfalvyiwu,cishijiuxuyaotongguo“shilixingzhengxingwei”qiangpoxingzhengweifazhelvxinggaiyiwu。cichudeshilixingzhengxingweizhidejiushixingzhengqiangzhizhixing,dangyisixingzhengxingweisuojutihuadefalvyiwumeiyoudedaoxingzhengweifazhedezhudonglvxingshi,xingzhengqiangzhizhixingjiukeyitongguoqiqiangzhiliquebaofalvyiwudeqieshishixian。

快三彩票youcikejian,zelinggaizhengxingweiyuxingzhengqiangzhizhixingxingweizhijianguanjiandefalitezhiqubiezaiyuqianzhejinshixingzhengzhifazhedeyizhongyisibiaoshi,xingzhengzhifazhezaishishigaiyisibiaoshishibingmeiyouyuxingzhengweifazhezhijianchanshengwulixingdelianjie,ershitongguorenzhiguanniandechuandiyuxingzhengweifazhedezhudongjieshoulaishixianyisibiaoshisuozhuzhangdeyiwuneirong。xingzhengqiangzhizhixingzeshixingzhengzhifazhetongguoyuxingzhengweifazhehuoqitazhixingduixiangwudewulixingganshelaishixianyisixingzhengxingweisuoyiyudeyiwuneirong。

快三彩票suiranzaixingzhengqiangzhizhixingguochengzhong,xingzhengzhifazheyehuicunzaiyisibiaoshidexingwei,ruzaishishixingzhengqiangzhizhixingshiyiju《xingzhengqiangzhifa》dechengxuyaoqiuchujuxingzhengqiangzhizhixingjuedingshu。danshizheizhongyisibiaoshiyuzelinggaizhengcileiyisixingzhengxingweizhongdeyisibiaoshijuyougenbenshangdefalichayi,zheizhongchayizhuyaobiaoxianzaiqianzhebingbunengdulicunzaibingfashengfalvxiaoli,ershibixuyuzhihoudewulixingqiangzhixingweixiangjiehecainenggouchengshengxiaodexingzhengxingwei。tongli,xingzhengzhifazhezaizhifaguochengzhongshishidezhuruchafeng、kouyadengxingzhengqiangzhicuoshizhongdeyisibiaoshiyebunengdulicunzai,bixuyuzhihoudewulixingqiangzhixingweixiangjiehecainengchengli。yinciyisibiaoshishifoukeyidulichanshengfalvxiaolizheiyidiantongyangshixingzhengzhifaguochengzhongzelinggaizhengxingweiyuxingzhengqiangzhicuoshixingweizhijianzaifalitezhishangdeguanjianqubie。

jianyanzhi,xingzhengzhifazhongzelinggaizhengyuxingzhengqiangzhi(baokuoxingzhengqiangzhicuoshihexingzhengqiangzhizhixing)zhijiandeguanjianfalitezhiqubiezaiyuqianzheshiyigedulichanshengfalvxiaolideyisibiaoshi,erhouzhezhongdeyisibiaoshibixuyuwulixingdeqiangzhixingweixiangjiehecainengchanshengfalvxiaoli。

zongshang,kuaisancaipiaojiukeyilijiezelinggaizhengdeyibanfalitezhishixingzhengzhifazhezhenduixingzhengweifazhezuochudeyizhongyisibiaoshi,tatongguojutihuafalvguifanzhongduishehuizhutishedingde、chouxiangdediyixingfalvyiwu,yaoqiuxingzhengweifazheshijilvxinggaifalvyiwu,qimudezaiyuhuifubeipohuaidelixiangfazhixu。

san、zelinggaizhengdeyisibiaoshineibujiegou

快三彩票mingquelezelinggaizhengdeyibanfalitezhishixingzhengzhifazhejutihuaxingzhengweifazhesuoyingchengdandediyixingfalvyiwudeyizhongyisibiaoshizhihou,haiyingduizheizhongyisibiaoshideneibujiegoushenrufenxi,yibianweijinyibubianmingyixieteshuxingtaizelingxingweidefalitezhidiandingjichu。

由于行政执法中的责令改正所针对的是行政违法行为,责令改正的意思表示内容对应于不同类型的行政违法行为会呈现不同的形态。因此分析责令改正意思表示内部结构的基本思路是先分解行政违法行为的内部基本结构,然后再研究其对应的责令改正形态。依据这一分析思路,快三彩票可以将行政执法中责令改正的意思表示内部结构及其对应的行政违法形态勾勒出以下图示:  

快三彩票congyishangtushikeyikanchu,xingzhengweifaxingweiyibanyouxingweimoshiyuhouguozhuangtailiangbufenzucheng,qiezheilianggezuchengbufenhaikeyijinyibuqufen,jutieryan:

diyi,xingzhengweifaxingweidexingweimoshi。xingzhengweifaxingweidexingweimoshishixingzhengweifazhepohuailixiangfazhixudexingweifangshi,qineirongyulixiangfazhixusuoshedingdexingzhengweifazhedediyixingfalvyiwuganghaoxiangfan,keyiqufenweizuoweiweifayubuzuoweiweifaliangzhongxingtai。

快三彩票zuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingweishiweifazhetongguojijidezuoweixingwei,weifanlelixiangfazhixuzhongjinzhixingfalvguifan[10]suoyaoqiudebuzuoweiyiwu。cileizuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingweikeyijinyibuqufenwei“wanchengshitaiweifa”yu“jinxingshitaiweifa”liangzhongleixing: qianzhezhixingzhengweifaxingweideshishizhuangtaiyijingjieshu,bujuyoukezhongzhixing;houzhezhixingzhengweifaxingweideshishizhuangtaizhengzaijinxingzhong,juyoukezhongzhixing。rusunhuidaqiwuranwupaifangzidongjianceshebeideweifaxingweijiushuyuwanchengshitaidexingzhengweifaxingwei,erqiyechixujinxingchaobiaopaiwudeweifaxingweijiushuyujinxingshitaidexingzhengweifaxingwei。liangzhedoushixingzhengweifazheyizuoweidexingtaiweifanlefalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu,zhibuguoqianzhedeweifaxingweishizaixingweijieshuhouchengli,bucunchixushishidezhuangtai,erhouzhedeweifaxingweizeshikeyiyizhichixushishi。

快三彩票buzuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingweishixingzhengweifazhetongguoxiaojidebuzuoweixingwei,weifanlefalvguifanzhongsuoyaoqiudejijizuoweiyiwu。buzuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingweishiyizhongxiaojidebushishixingweizhuangtai,wufaqufenweifade“wanchengshitai”yu“jinxingshitai”,douyingshuyujinxingshitaideweifaxingwei。ruzhongdianpaiwudanweibugongkaihuanjingxinxideweifaxingweijiushuyubuzuoweixingtaideweifa,cileixingzhengweifaxingweibucunzaisuoweiwanchengshitai,zhiyaoxingzhengweifazhebugongkaihuanjingxinxi,qiweifazhuangtaijiuyizhichixu。

快三彩票ciwai,zaibuzuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingweizhonghaicunzaiyizhongteshudehunhexingtai,jiduiyuxuyaojingguoxingzhengxukecainengzuoweidediyixingfalvyiwu,xingzhengweifazhezaimeiyouhuoquxingzhengxukedeqingxingxiaweibeidiyixingfalvyiwudeyaoqiushishilezuowei,cishiweishenqingxingzhengxukedebuzuoweixingtaiyuzhihoudezuoweixingtaihunhegongtonggouchengxingzhengweifaxingwei。ruweiqudepaiwuxukezhengpaifangwuranwudeweifaxingwei,jiushiyouweishenqingpaiwuxukezhengdebuzuoweixingtaiyupaifangwuranwudezuoweixingtaihunhegongtonggoucheng。youyuzheizhongqingxingshiyinxingzhengweifazhemeiyoulvxingshenqingxingzhengxukedeyiwuerdaozhilefalvdefumianpingjia,suoyijiangqiguirubuzuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingwei。

快三彩票dier,xingzhengweifaxingweidehouguozhuangtai。houguozhuangtaishixingzhengweifazheshishixingzhengweifaxingweisuodaozhideweihaijieguoxingtai。jiufalieryan,zhiyaoxingzhengweifazheshishixingzhengweifaxingwei,bulvxingfalvguifansuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu,jiubiranhuipohuaifalvguifansuoquelidelixiangfazhixu,zheizhongchouxiangyiyishangdeweihaihouguoshisuoyouxingzhengweifaxingweishishihoubiranchanshengdegongtongjieguo。huanyanzhi,lixiangfazhixudepohuaishixingzhengweifaxingweideyibanjieguo,renhexingzhengweifaxingweideweifaxingdouzhijielaiyuanyuduilixiangfazhixudepohuai。

快三彩票tongshi,yipohuaijieguoshifoujuyouwulikeshixingtaidebiaozhun,xingzhengweifaxingweiduilixiangfazhixudepohuaikeyiqufenweixutiweihaihouguoyushitiweihaihouguoliangzhongqingxing: xutiweihaihouguoyizhixingzhengweifaxingweisuiranweichanshengwulikeshixingtaidepohuai,danshixingzhengweifazhesuoshishidexingweiweibeilefalvguifansuoquelidexingweiguize,shizhishangshiduizhuquanguojialifayizhidebeini,qichanshengdeshifanxiaoyingkenenghuidaozhichuxianzhuquanguojialifayizhiduishehuizhutixingweiyingxianglixueruodeweixian。zhengshizaizheiyiyiyishang,youxuezhejiangxingweisuochanshengde“weixian”zuoweigouchengxingzhengweifaxingweidebibeiyaojian[11]。rujidongcheshengchanqiyeweianzhaoguidingxiangshehuigongbuqishengchanjidongchechexingdepaifangjianyanxinxidexingzhengweifaxingwei,suiranbingmeiyouchanshengwulikeshixingtaiweihaihouguo,danshizheiyixingweisuochanshengdeshifanxiaoyingkenenghuiyinfagengduoleisixingwei,daozhizhuquanguojiaquelilixiangfazhixudelifayizhiduishehuizhutixingweideyingxianglixueruodeweixian;shitiweihaihouguoyizhixingzhengweifaxingweishishihouzaochengdewulikeshixingtaideweihaihouguo,dianxingrushengchanqiyeweifashengchandeguojiaminglingjinzhidenongyao。shitiweihaihouguobingfeixingzhengweifaxingweidebibeigouchengyaojian,shishishangxuduoxingzhengweifaxingweidoumeiyoushitiweihaihouguodecunzai,chanshengdezhuyaoshishangshuyi“weixian”zhuangtaichengxiandexutiweihaihouguo。

快三彩票yijuyishangxingzhengweifaxingweidegoucheng,jiukeyishenrufenxixingzhengzhifazhongzelinggaizhengyisibiaoshideneibujiegou。jutieryan,zelinggaizhengzhongkeyiqufenchuzelingbuzuoweiyuzelingzuoweiliangzhongyisibiaoshileixing,fenbieduiyingzuoweixingtaiweifayubuzuoweixingtaiweifa。bingqiezheiliangzhongyisibiaoshileixingzhongdoubaohanzelingxingzhengweifazhetingzhiweifaxingweiyuzelingxingzhengweifazhehuifuyuanzhuangliangcengyisihanyi:

快三彩票diyi,zelingtingzhiweifaxingwei。zelingtingzhiweifaxingweishizelinggaizhengyisibiaoshizhongdediyicenghanyi,zheiyicengyisihanyidezhuyaomudezaiyufangzhipohuailixiangfazhixudezhuangtaichixucunzai,zuzhiweihaihouguodejixuchanshengyukuoda。zheiyicengyisihanyizaizelingzuoweiyuzelingbuzuoweiliangzhongyisibiaoshileixingzhongdebiaoxianxingshilveyoubutong: jiuzelingbuzuoweieryan,zheiyicengyisihanyidebiaoxianxingshishixingzhengzhifazheyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhetingzhijijizuoweideweifaxingwei。buguo,bingfeizhenduirenhezuoweixingtaidexingzhengweifaxingweidoushiyongzheiyicengyisihanyi,tebieshiduiyuwanchengshitaidezuoweiweifaeryan,youyuxingzhengweifazhezaiwanchengshitaizuoweiweifazhongyijingjieshulexingzhengweifaxingweideshishi,suoyixingzhengzhifazheyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhetingzhiweifaxingweiyijingmeiyoushijiyiyi,yejiumeiyoubiyaozaizelinggaizhengdeyisibiaoshizhongbaohanzelingtingzhiweifaxingweideyisihanyi。ruduiyuyijingbeisunhuidedaqiwuranwupaifangzidongjianceshebeijiuwusuoweizelingtingzhiweifaxingwei,erzhinengshizelingxingzhengweifazhehuifuyuanzhuang,jixiufudaqiwuranwupaifangzidongjianceshebei。ranerduiyujinxingshitaidezuoweiweifaeryan,xingzhengzhifazhebiaodachuzelingxingzhengweifazhetingzhiweifaxingweideyisihanyijiujuyoukexingxingyubiyaoxing,shizelinghuifulixiangfazhixudeqianti。ruduiyuzhengzaiweifapaiwudeqiye,xingzhengzhifazhejiuyingshouxianzelingxingzhengweifazhetingzhiweifapaiwuxingwei,ranhouzaizelingqihuifuyuanzhuang(qingliweifapaichudewuranwu)。

快三彩票jiuzelingzuoweieryan,zheiyiyisihanyidebiaoxianxingshizelveyoubutong,yinweizelingzuoweisuozhenduidexingzhengweifaxingweishixiaojibuzuowei,suoyi“tingzhi”yingdangcongqifanmianyiyijinxinglijie,yejixingzhengweifazhejijishishidiyixingfalvyiwuzhongsuoyaoqiudezuoweiyiwujiushitingzhiweifaxingwei,cishi“zuoweijitingzhi”。ruxingzhengzhifazhezelingqiyeyifagongkaihuanjingxinxi,qiyeruguosuizhigongkailexiangguandehuanjingxinxi,jiushuyu“tingzhi”zhiqiandebuzuoweiweifaxingwei。

qier,zelinghuifuyuanzhuang。zelinghuifuyuanzhuangshizelinggaizhengyisibiaoshizhongdediercenghanyi,zheiyicengyisihanyidezhuyaomudezaiyuxiaochuxingzhengweifaxingweisuochanshengdeweihaihouguo,congershishehuizhixuhaiyuandaolixiangfazhixusuoyaoqiudezhixuzhuangtaizhong。rushangsuoshu,wulunshizuoweixingtaideweifayihuobuzuoweixingtaideweifaxingwei,tamenpohuailixiangfazhixudeweihaijieguoxingtaidoubaokuoxutiweihaihouguoyushitiweihaihouguoliangzhongleixing,erwulunshizelingzuoweideyisibiaoshiyihuozelingbuzuoweideyisibiaoshi,qimudedoushixiwangnenggouxiaochuzheiliangleiweihaihouguobinghuifudaolixiangfazhixuzhuangtaizhong。danshi,xutiweihaihouguoshiwusuoweihuifude,yinweizhixubeipohuaidebenshenshiyijingfashengdebukenishishi,shijianweidudeyanshenshidanxiangbukedaozhuan,yijingfashengguodexingwei(wulunshizuoweiyihuobuzuowei)zuoweijichengshishishibukexiaomiede。ruzaikuaisancaipiaoxiangmuweiyifajinxinghuanjingyingxiangpingjiajiukaigongkuaisancaipiaodeweifaxingweizhong,zhiyaokuaisancaipiaodanweizheshoushishilekuaisancaipiaoxingwei,neimefalvguifangoujiandelixianghuanjingfazhixubeipohuaideshishijiuyikeguancunzai,zheizhongxutiweihaihouguoshiwufaxiaochude,yejiumeiyouhuifuyuanzhuangdekenengxing。zaizheiyiyiyishang,xutiweihaihouguodoushuyubukehaiyuanxingtaideweihaihouguo,zheiyejiuyiweizhexingzhengzhifazhezuochudezelinghuifuyuanzhuangdeyisibiaoshibingfeizhenduicileixutideweihaihouguo。

shitiweihaihouguozeshuyukehaiyuanxingtaideweihaihouguo,zelinghuifuyuanzhuangdeyisibiaoshiyezhinengshizhenduishitiweihaihouguoshishi。buguoyijushitiweihaihouguodejutibiaoxianxingshibutong,zelinghuifuyuanzhuangdeyisibiaoshihaicunzaizelingxiaochuhouguohezelingpeichangsunshiliangzhongkenengxing。qianzhezhuyaoshizhenduizhuruweifashengchanguojiaminglingjinzhidenongyaocileijuyouwulixingtaiweihaihouguodeweifaxingweieryan,xingzhengzhifazhekeyitongguoyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhexiaohuiweijinnongyaocongerxiaochuweifaxingweideweihaihouguo,huifudaolixiangfazhixuzhuangtaizhong。houzhezhuyaoshizhenduizhuruchujuxujiadejidongchepaifangjianyanbaogaocileibucunzaiwulixingtaiweihaihouguodeweifaxingweieryan,youyubucunzaikeyixiaochudeshitiwu,lilunshangshuoxingzhengzhifazhezhinengzelingxingzhengweifazhepeichangweifaxingweisuozaochengdesunshi,tongguojingjipeichanglai“tianbu”weifaxingweisuozaochengdezhixusunhai,congerjinsidehuifudaolixiangfazhixuzhuangtaizhong。

快三彩票zelingtingzhiweifaxingweiyuzelinghuifuyuanzhuangliangcengyisihanyixiangjiehegouchenglewanzhengdezelinggaizhengyisibiaoshineirong,tongchangeryanzelinggaizhengxingweiyingdangtongshibaohanzheliangcengyisihanyi。buguoxuyaozhuyide,teshuqingkuangxia,zheiliangcengyisibiaoshideneirongkeyifenbiegouchengdulidezelinggaizhengxingwei。zheizhuyaoshizhenduikeyibuzhengdexingzhengweifaxingwei,ruduiyuweiyifajinxinghuanjingyingxiangpingjiajikaishikuaisancaipiaodeweifakuaisancaipiaoxingwei,xingzhengzhifazhejiukeyixianzelingtingzhiweifakuaisancaipiaoxingwei,yaoqiuweifakuaisancaipiaozhetingzhikuaisancaipiao、bubanhuanjingyingxiangpingjiashouxu。cishizelingtingzhiweifakuaisancaipiaodexingweijiushuyujinbaohanleshangshudiyicengyisihanyidezelinggaizhengxingwei,keyidulicunzai。tongyang,ruguoxingzhengweifazhewufabubanxiangguandehuanjingyingxiangpingjiashouxu,neimexingzhengzhifazhezuochuzelingchaichuweifajianzhudejueding,gaixingweijiujinbaohanleshangshudiercengyisihanyidezelinggaizhengxingwei,yenenggoudulicunzai。

si、teshuzelingxingweidefalvxingzhipanduan

快三彩票zaiyishangduizelinggaizhengdeyibanfalitezhiheneibuxingweijiegoupouxidejichushang,kuaisancaipiaokeyibianmingxingzhengzhifashijianzhongxuduoteshuzelingxingweidefalvxingzhi。

快三彩票(yi)“zelingtingchantingye”defalvxingzhi

“zelingtingchantingye”xingweitongchangbeirenweishidianxingdexingzhengchufa,danshiyijushangwenduizelinggaizhengfalitezhidefenxikeyifaxian,zaixingzhengzhifazhongdezelingtingchantingyebingfeibiranshixingzhengchufa。ru《huanjingbaohufa》di60tiaodeguiding——

快三彩票“qiyeshiyedanweiheqitashengchanjingyingzhechaoguowuranwupaifangbiaozhunhuozhechaoguozhongdianwuranwupaifangzongliangkongzhizhibiaopaifangwuranwude,xianjiyishangrenminzhengfuhuanjingbaohuzhuguanbumenkeyizelingqicaiquxianzhishengchan、tingchanzhengzhidengcuoshi;qingjieyanzhongde,baojingyoupizhunquanderenminzhengfupizhun,zelingtingye、guanbi。”《zhonghuarenmingongheguohuanjingbaohufa》

gaifatiaozhongguidingdexingzhengweifaxingweishishengchanzhutishishideweifapaiwuxingwei(baokuochaobiaopaifangyuchaozongliangkongzhizhibiaopaifangliangzhongleixing),shuyudianxingdezuoweiweifa。xingzhengzhifazheyijugaifatiaodeshouquanduiweifadeshengchanzhutizuochudechulijuedingzhongbaokuolezelingtingchanzhengzhiyuzelingtingyeguanbiliangzhongleixing,zheiliangzhongxingzhengxingweidefalvxingzhibingbuyizhi:

“zelingtingye、guanbi”xingweidefalvxingzhiyingshuxingzhengchufa,yinweigaixingweisuoyingxiangdezhuyaoshishengchanzhutideshengchanjingyinghuodong,erbingfeiqiweifapaiwuxingwei。shengchanzhutitingyeguanbiyiweizhesangshilejixuhuoqushouyidekenengxing,qisunshishiweilaizhangshiqineidejingjishouru,tongchanghuichaochuqiweifapaiwuxingweisuozaochengdesunshi,yincishiduiqiweifapaiwuxingweideewaichengfa。zheiyizelingxingweidezhuyaomudeyebingfeizaiyuhuifulixiangfazhixuzhuangtai,ershiweiletongguoduiweifapaiwudeshengchanzhutijinxingchengfalaishixianweishedemude,fangzhiweifapaiwudexingweizaicifasheng,zheifuhexingzhengchufaxingweidefalitezhi。

danshijiu“zelingxianzhishengchan、tingchanzhengzhi”xingweieryan,qifalixingzhijiubingfeiruyouxuezhesuorenweideshuyushuyuxingzhengchufa[12]。yinweixingzhengzhifazhezuochudezheiyiyisibiaoshi,qineirongshiyaoqiushishichaobiaopaifanghuochaozongliangkongzhizhibiaopaifangdeshengchanzhutitingzhipaifangxingwei,bingxiaochuweifapaifangxingweisuozaochengdesunhai。huanjingxingzhengfalvguifanzhongyaoqiushengchanzhutipaifangwuranwuyingdangfuhefadingdepaifangbiaozhun,tongshiyeyaofuhezhongdianwuranwupaifangzongliangkongzhizhibiao,zheishishishangjiushiduipaifangwuranwudeshengchanzhutisuoshedingdediyixingfalvyiwu。dangshengchanzhutibulvxingcileidiyixingfalvyiwushi,xingzhengzhifazhezuochuzelingxianzhishengchan、tingchanzhengzhidexingweijiushiyaoqiuqilvxingyuanbenyingdangchengdandehefapaiwuyiwu,bingfeishiduiweifapaiwudeshengchanzhutishishidechengfa。yinercichudezelingxianzhishengchan、tingchanzhengzhixingweiyinggaishuyuzelinggaizhengxingwei。

kejian,zelingtingchantingyexingweidefalvxingzhibunengjincongmingchengpanduan,ershiyinggaiyijuqizaijutifalvguifantixizhongdeweizhi,congqifalitezhijiaoduyuyipanduan。ruguoqifalitezhishiduixingzhengweifazheshishidechengfa,mudeshiweileweishexingzhengweifazhe,neimejiuyingshuyuxingzhengchufa。danshiruguoqifalitezhijinshiweileyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhelvxingbenyingchengdandediyixingfalvyiwu,cushilixiangfazhixudehuifu,neimejiuyingshuyuzelinggaizhengxingwei[13]。

快三彩票 (er)“zelingpeichangsunshi”defalvxingzhi

快三彩票jinyibuduishangshu《huanjingbaohufa》di60tiaojinxingsikao,jiehezelinggaizhengyisibiaoshineibujiegoudefenxi,kuaisancaipiaokeyifaxianfatiaoyiloulezelinggaizhengxingweideyibufenneirong,jizelingpeichangsunshi。

xiangyanzhi,youyuzelinggaizhengxingweibaohanlezelingtingzhiweifaxingweihezelinghuifuyuanzhuanglianggejieduan,xingzhengzhifazhezelingxianzhishengchan、tingchanzhengzhidexingweiyejiukeyiqufenweilianggejieduan: diyijieduanshixingzhengzhifazhezelingshengchanzhutitingzhiweifapaiwudexingwei,duiyingyufatiaozhongsuobiaoshude“xianzhishengchan、tingchan”yici;dierjieduanshixingzhengzhifazhezelingshengchanzhutihuifuyuanzhuang,duiyingyufatiaozhongsuobiaoshude“zhengzhi”yici。danshiruguoshengchanzhutiweifapaiwuxingweisuozaochengdeweihaihouguowufatongguo“zhengzhi”xiaochuzenmeban?yijushangwenzelinggaizhengyisibiaoshideneibujiegoutuidao,cishixingzhengzhifazhejiuyingdangyaoqiushengchanzhutitongguojingjipeichangdefangshilaijinsihuifulixiangfazhixu。zheizhongzelingpeichangsunshidexingzhengxingweishiyaoqiuxingzhengweifazhetongguojingjipeichangdefangshihuifulixiangfazhixu,“tianbu”yinweifaxingweisuodaozhidesunshi,bingmeiyouduixingzhengweifazheshijiaewaidechengfa,yincibufuhexingzhengchufadefalitezhi,rengshuyuzelinggaizhengxingwei。ru《haiyanghuanjingbaohufa》(2016nianxiudingshengxiao)di89tiaodi2kuanguiding,duiyupohuaihaiyanghuanjingjiguojiazaochengzhongdasunshide,youhaiyanghuanjingjianguanbumendaibiaoguojiaduizerenzhetichusunhaipeichangyaoqiu。zheiyiguidingshijishangjiushizelingpohuaihaiyanghuanjingdexingzhengweifazhetongguojingjipeichangdefangshihuifuyuanzhuang,shuyuzelinggaizhengxingweidedierjieduanneirong。

buguozheizhongjingjipeichangshixingzhengzhifazhezelingxingzhengweifazheduiguojiasunshijinxingdepeichang,shuyuzelingsizhutiduigongzhutidejingjipeichang。zaifalvguifanzhonghaicunzailingyizhongqingxing,jiyouxingzhengzhifazhezelingzuoweisizhutidexingzhengweifazheduiqitasizhutidesunshijinxingjingjipeichang,tongyangyeshuyuzelinghuifuyuanzhuangdexingwei。ru《kuangchanziyuanfa》(2009nianxiuzhengshengxiao)di40tiaoguiding,duiyuchaoyuepizhundekuangqufanweicaikuangde,kuangyexingzhengzhifazheyouquanzelingweifayuejiecaikuangdeqiyepeichangsunshi。xingzhengzhifazhedezheizhongxingweijiushuyuzelingshishiweifaxingweidesizhutipeichangqitasizhutidesunshi,qiefalvxingzhijiufeibenwensuoshudezelinggaizhengxingwei,eryinggaishuyuxingzhengcaijuexingwei。yinweicishixingzhengzhifazheyaoqiuyuejiecaikuangqiyechengdandepeichangyiwushuyugaiqiyedediyixingminshifalvyiwu,erfeidiyixingxingzhengfalvyiwu。zelingpeichangxingweishixingzhengzhifazheyizhongjianrenshenfenjieruminshijiufenzhong,qixingweizhuyaomudezaiyujiejuedangshirenzhijiandeminshizhengyi,huifulixiangdeminshifalvzhixu,fuhexingzhengcaijuedexingweitezheng[14]。

zongzhi,xingzhengzhifazhezelingsizhutiduigongzhutijinxingpeichangdexingweishuyuzelinggaizheng,danshizelingsizhutiduisizhutijinxingpeichangdexingweiyingshuyuxingzhengcaijue。

快三彩票(san)“zelingchaichuweifajianzhusheshi”defalvxingzhi

zelingchaichuweifajianzhudefalvxingzhiyecunzaizhexuyaochengqingzhichu。shishishang,zuoweizelingxianqichaichuxingweiduixiangdeweifajianzhusheshicunzaizheliangzhongleixing: yijianchengdeweifajianzhusheshihezaijiandeweifajianzhusheshi。duiyuyijianchengdeweifajianzhusheshi,xingzhengzhifazhezelingkuaisancaipiaozhutijiangyijingjianchengdeweifajianzhusheshichaichuyingshuyuzelinggaizhengxingwei,erfeixingzhengchufa。

快三彩票yinweikuaisancaipiaozhutiyijufalvguifandeyaoqiukuaisancaipiaoxiangguanjianzhusheshibenshiqiyingjindediyixingfalvyiwu,weifajianchengdejianzhusheshishixingzhengweifazheshishiweifakuaisancaipiaoxingweisuozaochengdeshitiweihaijieguo。cishixingzhengzhifazheyaoqiukuaisancaipiaozhutichaichuweifajianzhusheshi,xiangdangyuhuifudaoweifajianzhusheshijianchengzhiqiandelixiangfazhixuzhuangtaizhong,zheibingfeiduixingzhengweifazheshishideewaichengfa,erjinjinshiyaoqiuqixiaochuweifakuaisancaipiaoxingweisuozaochengdeshitiweihaihouguo。ru《shuiwuranfangzhifa》(2018nianxiuzhengshengxiao)di84tiaoguiding,weifazaiyinyongshuishuiyuanbaohuqushezhipaiwukoude,xingzhengzhifazheyouquanzelingxianqichaichu。youyubudezaiyinyongshuishuiyuanbaohuqushezhipaiwukoubenshikuaisancaipiaozhutiyifayingjindediyixingfalvyiwu,yidankuaisancaipiaozhutiweifangaiyiwujianchenglepaiwukou,neimezelingqichaichujiushuyuhuifudaofalvsuoyaoqiudelixiangfazhixuzhuangtaizhong,bingmeiyouduikuaisancaipiaozhutishijiaewaidechengfa,yincibushuyuxingzhengchufa,eryingshuyuzelinggaizheng。

快三彩票ranerduiyuzaijianweifakuaisancaipiaodeqingxingzebijiaofuza。zelingchaichuzaijianweifajianzhusheshitongchangbaohanlelianggejieduan: qiyishizelingtingzhikuaisancaipiao,qiershizelingchaichuyijianchengbufenjianzhusheshi。youxuezhedeguandianrenweidiyijieduanzhongdezelingtingzhikuaisancaipiaodexingweishuyuxingzhengqiangzhicuoshi[15],liyoushitafuhexingzhengqiangzhicuoshisuojuyoude、zhizhiweifaxingweijixushishidefalvtexing。zheiyiguandianshizhideshangquede,yinweitashicongzelingtingzhiweifajianzhusheshikuaisancaipiaodexingweimudejiaodu,erfeicongqifalitezhijiaodusuozuochudepanduan。rushangwensuoshu,xingzhengqiangzhicuoshiyuzelinggaizhengdeguanjianfalitezhiqubiezaiyuqianzhedeyisibiaoshibunengdulicunzai,bixuyuzhihoudewulixingqiangzhixingweixiangjiehecainengshengxiao。houzhezebenshenjiushiyizhongyisibiaoshi,buxuyaoyuwulixingqiangzhixingweijiehejiunengchanshengfalvxiaoli。zelingtingzhikuaisancaipiaozuoweiyizhongyisibiaoshishikeyidulicunzaide,dangxingzhengzhifazhezuochuzelingkuaisancaipiaozhutitingzhiweifakuaisancaipiaodejuedinghou,kuaisancaipiaozhutiruguozhudongtingzhikuaisancaipiao,neimezelingtingzhikuaisancaipiaodejuedingsuoquedingdeyiwujiuyishixian,fouzexingzhengzhifazhekeyitongguoxingzhengqiangzhizhixingshiqitingzhikuaisancaipiao。kejian,zelingtingzhikuaisancaipiaoshibuxuyaoyuzhihoudewulixingqiangzhixingweijiehe,benshenjiukeyidulicunzaifashengfalvxiaoli,yingdangshuyuzelinggaizhengxingwei。erzelingkuaisancaipiaozhutichaichuyijianchengdebufenjianzhusheshiyuqianshuzelingchaichuyijianchengkuaisancaipiaosheshidefalvxingzhiyizhi,yeshuyuzelinggaizhengdezhongleizhiyi。

快三彩票youci,zelingchaichuzaijianweifajianzhusheshixingweizhongsuobaohandezelingtingzhikuaisancaipiaohezelingchaichuyijianchengbufenjianzhuliangcengyisibiaoshi,fenbienenggouxingchenglianggedulizelinggaizhengxingwei,doushuyukeyidulichenglishengxiaodeyisibiaoshi,buxuyaoyuzhihoudewulixingqiangzhixingweixiangjiehejiukeyifashengfalvxiaoli。yinerzelingchaichuzaijianweifajianzhudexingweizaibutongqingxingzhongdouyinggaishuyuzelinggaizheng,erfeixingzhengqiangzhicuoshi。

wu、jieyu

zongshangsuoshu,zaixingzhengzhifazhong,zelinggaizhengxingweishixingzhengzhifazhejutihuaxingzhengweifazhesuoyingchengdandediyixingfalvyiwudeyisibiaoshi,dangxingzhengweifazhebuzhudonglvxingzheizhongyisibiaoshisuojutihuadeyiwushi,xuyaotongguoxingzhengqiangzhizhixingxingweiyuyishixian。tongshizelinggaizhengzheizhongyisibiaoshikeyiqufenweizelingtingzhiweifayuzelinghuifuyuanzhuangliangjieduan,zheilianggejieduankeyifenbieduligouchengshengxiaodezelinggaizhengxingwei,bingqieyijusuozhenduidexingzhengweifaxingweidegouchengbutongerbaohanleduozhongneibuleixing。congzelinggaizhengdezheiyifalitezhichufa,kuaisancaipiaokeyirendingtayuqitazhongleidexingzhengzhifaxingweicunzaizhebenzhishangdebutong,yingdangshiyuxingzhengchufa、xingzhengqiangzhidengxingzhengxingweibingliedeyizhongdulide、kexingshihuadexingzhengzhifaxingwei。


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